Bearded Dragon - Male vs Female

There are a few differences between bearded dragon males and females, and then there are a lot of things that are the same no matter the sex. These differences are important, because they can influence the way we look after our dragons.

How to Tell if Your Bearded Dragon is Male or Female?

Finding out whether a dragon is male or female is the first step. When they are babies, it can be quite impossible to tell the sex, since they are not mature and so small. Adults on the other hand are a different story. To determine the sex, lift your dragon so you can see under his/her tail and bud. Gently pull the tail towards the dragons back, but not too far and carefully, as to not hurt the dragon. Now you should see on the tail below the bud, either one or two bumps. One bump means female and two means male. If you do not see any bumps, you can use a torch in a dark room. Do exactly the same, but shine the torch on the back of the dragon’s tail. The tail will be a red color and the bumps will show, in a darker red color.

Tell if bearded dragon male female
Tell if bearded dragon male female

A few other signs of Male and Female are...

  • The pores on their back legs, a male’s pores are usually bigger than those of a female.

  • A female’s tail is usually thinner and more slender than that of a male.

  • Their behavior; a male will be territorial and more aggressive than a female, which will be more submissive and docile.


Keep in mind that using the tail is the most accurate way to determine sex. The other ways, are not always accurate, since all dragons differ and some have traits that does not fit their sex.


Behavioral Differences Between Male and Female Bearded Dragons 

  • Males are more territorial than females.

  • Males are more aggressive than females.

  • Females are more docile than males.

  • Males will show their dominance where as females will just accept their rank and live with it.

  • Males tend to fight when another shows up in his territory where as females size each other up. The bigger female is dominant and the smaller one will submit.

Tell if bearded dragon male female

Physical Differences Between Male and Female Bearded Dragons 

  • Males tend to be larger in size than females.

  • The heads of females tend to be smaller than that of males.

  • Males tend to have larger, puffier beards than females.

  • The tails of females are thin and slender; where as the tails of males are thick and plump.

  • Males tend to have more muscle than females.

Bearded Dragon Male Care

Since males are so aggressive and territorial, they should be kept separate and far away from each other. They should also not be able to see each other, since it will stress them out and it will interfere with their health.

A male dragon’s enclosure should be bigger than that of a single female, since they are bigger in size. 

Tell if bearded dragon male female


Bearded Dragon Female Care

Since females are more docile than males, some of them can be kept together if they are not aggressive towards each other. If they are kept together, a large cage should be provided with a basking spot and hide for each, since females will lie on each other when basking which is harmful to the one on the bottom, because they are not receiving their UV and so forth. Furthermore, there should permanently be someone that can keep an eye on them since females can turn aggressive towards one another quite fast. This is the reason why I highly recommend against it, since things can go wrong rather fast. They can still bath together or be together when someone is with them, but they should have their own cages.
Feeding should be done one dragon at a time, never together no matter what the sex of the bearded dragon.

Breeding Season

Bearded dragons do not have a specific breeding season in captivity and mate whenever they have access to a opposite gender, however, they kind of lose interest during winter as most dragons go into brumation or they slow down and become very lazy to preserve energy for the cold days ahead. During mating, the males tend to be extra aggressive and dominant, plus females will get a little aggressive.

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